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Healthy Living

January is National Eye Care Month

Below are some helpful hints for taking care of your eyes:

  • Have a complete eye exam every 1 to 2 years. Most eye diseases can be treated if detected early.

  • Have a test for glaucoma every 1 to 2 years.

  • Take extra care if you have diabetes or a family history of eye disease. Have an eye exam every year.

  • See an eye doctor immediately if you have any loss or dimness of eyesight, eye pain, double vision, extreme redness or swelling of your eye or eyelid.

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Common
Eye
Complaints


  • Presbyopia - slow loss of ability to see close objects or small print. It is a normal process that happens gradually. You may not notice any change until after the age of 40. Presbyopia can be corrected with reading glasses.

  • Floaters - tiny spots or specks that float across the field of vision. They are most often noticed when a person is in a well-lit room or outdoors on a bright day. Floaters are usually normal, however, they can be a warning sign of eye problems such as retinal detachment, especially if they happen with light flashes.

  • Dry Eyes - occur when tear glands donít make enough tears or make poor quality tears. Dry eyes cause itching, burning, or even some loss of vision. A humidifier or eye drops may help.

Eye Diseases and Disorders

  • Cataracts - cloudy areas in part or all of the eye lens. Cataracts keep light from passing through the lens, thus causing loss of eyesight. Cataracts form slowly and cause no pain, redness, or tearing in the eye. If a cataract becomes large or thick, it can usually be removed by surgery.

  • Glaucoma - too much fluid pressure inside the eye. The cause of glaucoma is unknown. If detected early, glaucoma often can be controlled and blindness prevented. Most people with glaucoma have no early symptoms or pain from increased pressure. Therefore, glaucoma testing is very important.

  • Conjunctivitis - occurs when the tissue that lines the eyelids and covers the cornea becomes inflamed. It can cause itching, burning, tearing, or a feeling of something in the eye. Conjunctivitis can be caused by infection or allergies.

Eyelid Problems

Pain, itching, tearing, and sensitivity to light are common eyelid symptoms. Other problems may include drooping eyelids (ptosis), blinking spasms (blepharospasm), or inflamed outer edges of the eyelids near the eyelashes (blepharitis). Eyelid problems can often be treated with medication or surgery.

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